Analysis of Socio-Demographics of Necessity-driven Entrepreneurs in Selected Cities in Ghana


  • Daniel Agyapong University of Cape Coast
  • Paul Jones Swansea University
  • Rosemond Boohene University of cape coast
  • Gloria K.Q. Agyapong University of cape coast
  • Siaw Frimpong University of cape coast
  • Francis O. Boachie-Mensah University of cape coast



Socio-demographics, Necessity-driven entrepreneurs, Street hawkers, Ghana


The study analysed the dynamics of necessity-driven entrepreneurs, using the sociological approach to start-ups. The paper explored the risk appetite and the entrepreneurial potential of those involved in the street hawking business. Utilising the sequential transformative design, structured interviews were used to collect data from 306 street hawkers in Accra, Kumasi, and Cape Coast. Subsequently, 25 follow-up interviews were conducted, using a structured interview guide. Data were collected over ten months due to the complex nature of the respondents of the study. Descriptive statistics and texts were used to analyse the data. The results indicated that the majority of the respondents had only basic education or no formal education. Furthermore, the respondents were mostly women and young people without formal jobs nor any means of livelihood. The study has implications for policy on education, especially basic and adult education, as several of the respondents barely have basic education. There needs to be a social intervention programme to equip the street hawkers with the right employable skills to help develop their skills and promote the growth of their businesses. The paper also makes a case for nurturing their skills as a means of poverty alleviation.


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How to Cite

Agyapong, D. ., Jones, P. ., Boohene, R. ., Agyapong, G. K. ., Frimpong, S. ., & Boachie-Mensah, F. O. . (2022). Analysis of Socio-Demographics of Necessity-driven Entrepreneurs in Selected Cities in Ghana. Journal of Business and Enterprise Development (JOBED), 10, 73–112.